Economic Crime Command

Economic crime poses a major, and growing, threat to the wellbeing of the UK and its people. The purpose of the document Economic Crime Command (69 KB)(ECC) is to reduce the impact of economic crime (including the financing of serious and organised crime) on UK society and the UK economy.

Economic crime covers a range of crimes including:

Reducing the impact of economic crime cannot be delivered by the ECC or NCA alone. We work with partners and stakeholders across the public sector and the wider UK economy, seeking to bring together the most effective range of knowledge, capabilities and skills to reduce the impact the economic crime on the UK.

Response to Economic Crime

We have established a coherent, strategic, UK-wide response to the threat from economic crime, based on the following ‘4P’ components of the Serious & Organised Crime Strategy:

Pursue those who commit serious, organised economic crime across regional, national and international borders by exploiting all possible enforcement options, using the full powers of the state to detect, investigate and disrupt criminality at the earliest possible stage and recover stolen assets.

Specialist departments also sit within the ECC to deliver this, including:

  • Civil Recovery and Tax, engages when it is not feasible to secure a criminal conviction. Cases can be referred by police and wider members of law enforcement using NCA referral form (101 KB) (185 KB)
  • International Corruption Unit (ICU), investigates serious criminal allegations of bribery and corruption that have been committed either by a UK-based person or company or in any foreign jurisdiction in the world that currently receives international development aid from the UK.

Prevent people becoming involved in serious, organised economic crime or re-offending by bringing together stakeholders – including government regulators, professional bodies and trade associations – to put in place a range of effective barriers and deterrents.

Protect UK society and economy from serious, organised economic crime by reducing the vulnerability of individuals, businesses, economic infrastructure and systems. This will also involve harnessing the collective capability of the public and private sector to create an environment across the UK which is inimical to the presence of economic crime.

Prepare the UK for serious, organised economic crime, raising awareness about its corrosive nature and reducing tolerance of its impact on individuals, businesses and communities.

ECC priorities

The ECC focuses its activity in four priority areas:

1. Tackling money laundering and criminal assets, by: 

  • leading multi-agency action to understand and combat national and international-scale money laundering
  • working with law enforcement, regulators, banks and professional bodies to disrupt criminal access to professional skills (e.g. solicitors, accountants) 
  • increasing the impact of the NCA’s operational capabilities in financial investigation, civil recovery and taxation. 

2. Leading the UK law enforcement response to domestic and international bribery, corruption and sanctions

3. Ensuring that NCA proactive investigation capabilities are deployed against high priority economic crime threats in support of partner  agencies, such as the Serious Fraud Office (SFO), Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) and the Competition and Markets Authority (CMA).

4. Leveraging change in the economic crime operating environment, particularly the law enforcement/financial sector relationship, through:

  • leading (together with the Home Office and the British Bankers’ Association) the new Financial Sector Forum
  • identifying and making the case for legislative change or change to government policy
  • Joint Money Laundering Intelligence Taskforce (JMLIT)
  • developing intelligence-led prevention activity to support individuals and the private sector
  • leading work across law enforcement to identify and respond to changes in the economic crime threat – particularly the emergence of new types of threat.

The ECC has responsibility for the UK Financial Intelligence Unit and the Proceeds of Crime Centre. It also works alongside the NCA Intelligence Hub to maintain an accurate picture of the economic crime threat and use that picture to identify the highest priority targets and agree a shared national strategy.

To find out more about economic crime, report suspicious financial activity, or if you are a victim of economic crime read the articles in the Crime threats and Contact us sections of this website.


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